301 North Shore Lane 'Martini Lane'
Plat maps do not lie - or do they?
This is touted as - or said to be the
original Henry Harrison Culver
Farm house - but how could this be? It definetly was not the original
||When the first original piece of farm land that H. H. Culver
purchased was purchased on the East Shore drive in 1883 and
already had the "Founder's Cabin" on it, It included a
structure which they remodeled into a summer cottage and called
the Farmhouse. In the 1900s, it was redesignated The Founder's Home. |
|and the Culver's built a new home on the property that
they called the 'Homestead' retaining the "Founder's Cabin"
to the north of the new dwelling.
One must remember that the grounds the Academy occupies
today was his second land purchase from Aaron T. Benedict
after the Homestead property - and was not his first
purchase of land - that the purchase of the Aaron T.
Benedict property came soon after the purchase of the
Homestead land on the East Shore Drive. Of these
properties has been stated:
And the Culver Assembly Bulletin of July 1889 the Culver Farm
and residence was described:
In 1883 H. H. Culver bought an old farm and home on the east side,
and began to improve it. Then the road ran alongside the lake and
the house was on the bluff above the lake shore. He removed it a
few feet, and built a handsome cottage at a cost of $8,000,
on the site. The road was chaged to its present line back of the
cottage, and the lovely bluff site was improved until it has been
made one of the prettiest parks and summer seats in Indiana...
Also Mark Roeder in his book states that the "Culver Farmhouse" is located
next door to the Culver Homestead - at 480 E. Shore Dr.
He met and Married Emily J. Hand in 1864; and purchased his first property
of the area - the John Hissong farm 28 March 1884. He further states that
the Culver farm house was also the Hissong farm house and Thompson farm
house - the long cabin or "founder's cabin" that is annoateded on some
of the lake maps.
He built a home near the "Founders cabin"
a Mr. Thompson - this cabin
was moved in 1886 just a little was north of the present residence so it could
be built and called it "Homestead".
The quote from the Thomas Bigley Biographical sketch in speaking of Aaron Benedict is:
He also owned considerable acreage north of the lake along Aubbenaubbee Bay, 83 acres
along the lake front and 200 acres thence north. He built a home approximately a half
mile from the lake and planted pine trees around it. He never lived there, but rented
it to his daughter, Augusta, and husband William WARNER and family. Later the house
burned but the pine trees stand to this day; the site is historically known as the Pine
Tree House. His land holdings were later acquired by Henry H. Culver for the Culver
and from Corwin's One Townships Yesterday's:
The new-comers to the lakeside settlement are Aaron T. Benedict and his wife Cordelia,
with their children. They had moved here from Miami County and settled at the extreme
north end of the lake. It was in 1872 that, they located here.
The Benedict homestead was established on a knoll somewhat back from the lake. Pine trees
were planted around it. These grew and grew, and in the passing years witnessed the
changing fortunes of the family in the house they sheltered. Finally, by marriage
and death, the Benedicts were parted and scattered, and there came a day when the
homestead was deserted. At length the house itself was gone, and only the pine trees
remained on the knoll that overlooked the lake. There they stand to this day, a
little grove of them, grown real tall now, landmarks, telling the story of human habitation
there once where no dwelling stands any more.
The Benedict homestead beneath these trees was north of the present Road 10 and east of
the Hibbard Road. The highways today are not as they originally were. In the 'seventies
the old roads ran close to the house. There was a three-point intersection almost in front
of the house, where the highway from Marmont, coming diagonally and directly northeast
from the lakeside, joined the eastbound Argos Road and the Hibbard Road. The Argos Road
was immediately south of the Benedict house, while the Hibbard Road then followed a
northwesterly trend till it reached the Shaw school house, then proceeded north a short
stretch before turning east, as now.
"Aaron T. Benedict, my father, owned two hundred acres at the north end of the lake," says
Mrs. Augusta Warner of Culver . "All of this is now the property of Culver Military
Academy. The original site of the Academy was on the Benedict tract, bordering the bay. It
was acquired by Henry H. Culver from the family."
The the Bogardus property was never a part of the Culver properties until the late 1920's
or early 1930's. Robert D. Hartman and Jeffery P. Kenney says of this propery:
Bogardus was a local farmer, whose homestead had no association with the Academy until 1955 when
the property was purchased by Patrick Hodgkin of the English department. Bogardus crossing, which
is several hundred yards west of Logansport Gate on Academy Road, and was the location at which
the Pennsylvania-Vandalia rail line making its way northeast from Culver to Plymouth crossed the
road. Bogardus crossing was sometimes used as a loading and unloading area for Culver cadets
bound for home or returning to campus Today, the site of the crossing can be viewed on foot by
hiking the trail made from the railroad right-of-way, which extends from Culver's town park across
Academy Road and almost to State Road 10.
One must remember that the rest of the 'Morris Lakefront plats' were purchased along with the
Lake View Hotel and Jungle Hotel, Palmer Hotel properties by E. R. Culver & Bertram B. Culver
and the Culver Reality and Investment Company was established in June 1932 by Bertram
Culver and the Edwin R. Culver Estate for this purpose. These properties were purchased up
during the late 1920's and early 1930's to prevent the possible future encroachment on the
Academy property that the properties of the North shore represented. This was done to stop
speculators from buy ing it up and decreasing the outside development by others on the
area around the academy. This was when all the properties west of the original Academy ground
[acreage of 98 acres] and all the property east of the Culver town park [the "Indian Trails"
AKA Lake View Hotel and other private land holdings was bought up. The only thing that could
not be acquired at this time period was the Vandalia right-of-way through this area. And also
in reality the Dillon properties
the North were purchased to fo the same reson - encroachment protection.
So who's land was it? - the early plat maps does provide some clues to that.
One clue is that it was originally a part of the property of Isaac N.
Morris by the 1880 map below.
|| In 1880 one can see there are no houses in the area of what is to
have become the "Evangeline Bogardus triangle" it seems to all be barren
or farm land during these periods in time|
|The 1898 map above shows what I refer to as the "Bogardus triangle"
in Section 16 just North of the Lake View Club property and East of property
labeled F. Duddleson the railroard cutting through it forming the "triangle"
on the east end of it. The black squares in both the 1880 map above and 1898
map below represent the location of dwelling places or structures.
||The 1898 map shows the H. H. Culver owned the last lot that connected to the
"original academy campus". This propery original belonged to
Theophilus Conzelman; another St.
Louis, Missouri resident of the time. The original cottage there was called the "Roost"
The was east of the Palmer House.|
It is found that by Oct 10, 1910 E. R. Culver's name was attached to the property in 1910
and that the an article headline proclaimed:
The Roost Sold - Landlord Walter of the Palmer House has bought the Roost,
E. R. Culver's
cottage, and will move it onto his own premises where it will be used to
provided additional accomodations for his hotel business.
Mr. Culver will this fall erect a new cottage on the site of the Roost
Note this was to the east of the Palmer house and this area from the "Indian trails"
on the west to the "original academy campus" I dubed the
as all but the Palmer House was either moved or razed by 1961.
Found in the "One Township Yesterday's" - Corwin of Alfred
On 22 August 1878 he was married in Argos to Evangeline Caillet. At the first, with
his bride, he made his home at Maxinkuckee moving from there to Argos in 1893, where they resided until
1899, when they came to Culver and built a residence overlooking the lake."
In connection with the property of 301 North Lane:
- It is stated at the time of the purchase the farm land belonged to Bogardus
- Bogardus family built the house during the mid 19th century
- Bogardus family operated the farm that bordered the north shore of Aubbenaubbee Bay on Lake
- the Bogardus family did not sell their house to Henry Harrison Culver but only the farm
- In 1884 Henry Harrison Culver purchased the farmland and opened the Culver Military Academy
nine years later
- the house has been associated continuously with the Culver Academies since before the first
students enrolled in 1893
- memory serves that a real estate ad also proclaimed it to be the orginial farm house and moved
to this location
Culver had already purchased the Hissong farm with only what is called the "founders cabin" on it and plans
had been made to build his own house, which still stands on a bluff along East Shore Drive.
- The 'Founders cabin' would be considered the ORIGINIAL farmhouse of this property facts:
- this cabin was moved in 1886 just a little was north of the present residence so it could be built
and it was called the 'Homestead'
- No full accurate date of purchase has been stated for purchase of this so called farm house, except 1884
- which the purchase date of the Benedict farm [which in 1894 became the Acadmey grounds] and not the
- BY the 1898 map it does appear that Henry H. Culver did have a second home or another cottage just west
of the Academy Grounds or even possible on the Academy grounds depending where the dividing line was
between the Culver and Morris properties was
and by a statement Mc Donald made in the 1905 Early Lake History:
In 1850, Isaac N. Morris, father of Capt. Ed Morris, moved
to the lake, locating on the north shore, on the farm now owned by A. N. Bogardus, His land ran
down to the lake,taking in all the lake front from the Lake View Hotel grounds to and including
the Palmer house.
Thus this would defintely make the connection between the Bogardus and Morris property as being one -
and never owned by Henry H. Culver and family till much later.
||By the 1908 map - it still seems that L. C. Dillon's name was attached to the triangle
(green dot) that eventually was in Eveline Bogardus' name in 1922. The Bogardus name appears
nowhere as of 1908 as of yet only I. N. Morris' son Ed Morris had Lot #3 and a plat was added
under the name of "E. M. Morris Plat; the Morris Lakefront still bore its name; C. Bekman had
21.49 acres which in 1898 was in E. Morris' name. Whether the Bogardus property was still in
the Morris name or in the DIllon name in 1908 can not be determined by the map below>
This property is farther east (the red dots) of the J. W. Palmer property listed (which is about
in the middle of the Morris Lakefront)- which is the Palmer House location - and the above
statement said that the Bogardus family owned up and including the Palmer House - but as
evidenced by the 1908 plat map this is totally untrue - unless the 1908 plat map as presented
is in error no where do I see the Bogardus name attached to any property in 1908!
|The 1922 plat map definitely shows a house on the lots [red dot] but no name
attached to it again but again one must assume H. H. Culver heirs still owned the lots; the
house is sitting on the property lines by the small square as it is highly unlikely that his
heirs gave up any land that he acquired since 1883/4 on Aubbenaubbee Bay but in reality was
trying to purchase more to the west of the Academy grounds to prevent future encroachment
from the west towards the original Academy acreage. The Morris Lakefront still exists which
is highlighted in yellow and to the back of it is the plat listed as the E. Morris Plat on
the right in 1908 with an additional plat of E. M. Morris to the left; and the original Academy
grounds and shows it butts up to the ground that was platted as subdivisions [Morris Lakefront]
By the 1922 plat map (above) the bogardus names is now attached to the property - as Evangeline
Bogardus name appears on the 1922 plat map as owning a unstated amount of acreage between the
town corporation limits and L. C. Dillon's 238.28 acres the Bogardus property formed a triangle,
and later this property is labeled as the 'Bogardus subdivision'.
|A later plat map has been found - probably dates just around 1929 as St. Rd. 10 is
still not been moved and in existence by this map As we know in 1929 - Came the biggest change to
the Academy campus with the removal of the east-west road, and opening of St. Rd. 10. Several
years prior officials had petitioned the state highway department to move it the north. Exact date
is not known - but some major land owner changes had been made. This is a section croped out of
it showing the 'Bogardus Triangle' (orange dot). Of this
Bogardus family facts found are here
|| The area that would become known as the Bogardus triangle -
was owned by I. N. NOrris and pictured bfore the railroad came
through and divided the section creating the "triangle"|
|In the 1922 map below the triangle is desiganted as Evageline
Bogardus thus Alfred N. Bogardus pruchased this triangle portion of land
sometime after 1908 from Lewis Cass Dillon possibly or was it still in the
Morris name - this can not be determined by this map
The 1924 & 1937 Sanbron Fire maps shows the
"forgotten cottages" on the lake front - of these we so far know that the "Roost had been
one and had already been moved in 1910. On Feb 15 1933 and attice proclaimed "Club House Being
Moved To Lake Edge" and it was noted that
In order to make room for the new Annex the two frame cottages next to the Inn are being
torn down and the area will be cleared away by the end of this week and a basement built
Where they actual razed or were they moved? The 1924 Sanborn Fire Map:
|and the 1937 Sanborn Fire Map shows two remaining cottages -
the one we know was to be moved - and was going to south of town
||This is the 1996 plat map it still shows the morris subdivision and it takes in part
of the triangle area the was the Bogardus land and the triangle is labeled as "Sub North SUB"|
|And here is a current map of the general area of the "Bogardus Farm" or
"Bogardus Subdivision" which is in relation to the western edge of the academy Campus.
By the above plat maps the evidence is that - :
- the house at 301 North Shore Drive was not indeed the Culver farm house
- that it was the orginial farmhouse of the Isaac N. Morris family
- that Bogardus did not purchase property in the 1880's or 1890's as has been implied - that
they first purchased the property some time between the last dated plat map of 1989 and the
plat map of 1908 [not listed as Bogardus as yet] or 1922 [listed as Bogardus]
- Henry H. Culver never purchased any of the property to the west which was the Morris
farm as he died on died Sunday, September 26, 1897.
- The Bogardus property never did belong to Henry H. Culver or his family
- It possibly was purchased in the late 1920's or early not 1930's by the Culver heirs or
on behalf of the Academy to prevent encroachment upon the Academy campus property
- It is doubtful since it is the orginial Morris farmhouse that it was re-located - but it
possibly also could have been
- The real association with the academy did not come about until 1958 when Irene Bogardus
sold the house to long-time chairman of the Academies’ English Department but said to
have a change of heart and a battle ensued over the property
- if they are indeed an accurate accounting of the property in this area for this time period.
And the greatest clue is found in the 'One Township Yesterday's' - Corwin - which
sheds more light onto the Bogardus property and ownership of it:
Among these good rememberers is Miss Florence Morris, who of late years has been
a resident of Plymouth. Miss Morris is the youngest daughter of Isaac N. Morris
and Emily Thompson Morris, and is the only member of the family living.
Ancient Maple Trees Believing that people of the present day wo uld be interested
in the history of trees, Miss Morris tells us about some ancient maples, now landmarks
near the shore of Lake Maxinkuckee. "My father, Isaac N. Morris," writes Miss Morris,
"bought the farm on the north end of Lake Maxinkuckee in about the year 1850. The 160
acres of the farm on the north side of the road are now owned by the Dillon heirs; a
few acres and the old farm house are owned by Mrs. A. N. Bogardus, and the rest by the
Culver s and a few lot owners on Indiana Avenue. And the part of the farm on the south
side of the road extended from the road to the lake and from the railroad east to the
Academy, and is now owned by the Culver s.
"What I want to give, especially, is a history of the large maple trees on the north
side of the road or street from the house owned by Mrs. Bogardus to the top of the grade,
or, to be exact, to Colonel Rossow's lot. Likewise, I would mention the maple trees on
the south side of the street, opposite Mrs. Bogardus' house, and extending east along the
street to the Academy.
"These large maple trees I have mentioned were set out by my father and two brothers,
Milton and Edmund Morris, before the Civil War - - probably about 1858 or 1859.
"I thought these trees were old enough to deserve mention. "Nearly every one calls that
street Fac ulty Row, but the recorded name of the street on the Plat is Indiana Avenue.
"The maple trees on Morris Street from Indiana Avenue south to the Maxinkuckee Inn were
set out by my brother, Edmund Morris, in the year 1884.
"I deeded away the last bit of the Morris farm to the Culver s in 1932 and moved to Plymouth."
thus by this statement from Isaac N. Morris' daughter Florence - we find the that the 'Bogardus
Triangle' was a part of the Morris farm - that the farmhouse was the orginal farmhouse of the
Isaac N. Morris family and not the Culver family as has been touted for many a year. Not given
is the date that Bogardus purchased it and as to whether it was purchased directly from the Morris
heirs or from the Dillon hiers - that still remains to be determined.
Irene Bogardus joined the State Exchange Bank staff as bookkeeper-auditor. Miss Bogardus is
remembered for her family home which is now the Bruce Holaday residence. The house she built
for herself was later bought by "Bud" Roberts, an instructor at the Culver Military Academy,
and is now owned by Chan and Dorrie Mitzell. The rest of the Bogardus farm became the North
It is said that Miss Bogardus never married and that she was a strong willed person and that
she had lived in the house until 1959; even tho she had sold the house a year earlier and built
a more modern house across the street at 1010 Academy Road. It is said that Miss Bogardus had
a change her mind about the house and refused to vacate the house. It required getting a
court order from the Marshall County Court in order to get her to vacate the house and give up
possession of it.
It is said the house was sold to Pat Hodgkins and that they had resided in the house until the
late 1970s when the Bruce and Diana Holaday purchased it.
Jon writes (6 Sep 2016):
So you know at the outset, I am Jonathan Hodgkin, Patrick Hodgkin’s son. I lived in the
old Irene Bogardus house while I was growing up in the 1950s and 1969s. The article is correct
that my father bought the house in 1955. We moved in in 1956, just after my youngest brother,
Thomas, was born.
As I understand it, the larger property that included the house was purchased by a group of Culver
staff and divided up at the time of the sale. Other participants included the Bryant Family, the
Strait family, the Mars family and the Bebout family. There were several vacant lots as well.
Quite soon after we moved there, a house was built next to the Bryant’s. I can’t recall who built
it just now, but the Adams family became the owners several years later. I clearly remember their
children as part of the neighborhood in the late 1950s. The lot at the end of the street remained
vacant during all the time I was growing up. I also believe that initially, Irene was going to
move elsewhere, but during negotiations for the sale, she decided that she wanted to retain the
lot across the lane from the house we lived in. This I believe is the “change of heart” that is
mentioned toward the end of the entry. My father never spoke of this until much later, but it was
clear when he did tell me, that it still rankled some. My sense was that this caused problems
among these who were participants in the larger sale of the house and land to the east of the rail
Near the end of the article it states that the house was purchased from Ms. Bogardus by the chairman
of the English Department. My father was never Chairman of the English Department and the date
listed suggests purchase in 1958. Please note that we bought the old Bogardus house (west of the lane)
in 1955. I believe that Bud Roberts bought the new Bogardus house from Ms. Bogardus. This house, to
the east of the lane, belonged to the Mitzell’s for many years.
Also, my parents moved from the house in 1984, not in the 70s as reported. Although, I do know that the
Holadays did purchase the house from my parents. And for the record, I never heard it referred to as
Martini Lane, but I also did not spend much time there after I graduated in 1965.
It again was sold in 2005 to Don and Tracy. North Shore Lane was has acquired the name of
"Martini Lane". And that many still know the area by that name.
It is indeed listed today as being in the Bogardus Subdivision: BOGARDUS SUB LOT 5 LOT 5
This is difinitely within in the property listed as a triangle and in the name of Evangeline
Bogardus in 1922. Thus with the evidence presented above it was the Bogardgus farm house and
not the Culver Farm house.
| The above 2005 map locates the house surrounded by the yellow; the Bogardus
triangle of 1922 in green. The Palmer House located in the middle of "the Morris Lakefront"
in pink, along with the house in H. H. Culver 's name still in 1898 even tho he had died on 26
Sep 1897, is represented by the blue dot
||here is a 1920s - 1930's aerial view of the Bogardus triangle - which was the Bogardus farmstead.
This is an aerial view of the north lake front soon after all the acquistions of the north shore
took place it would seem|
It seems that all the cottages/homes on the lake front has disaapeared for except for the one in front
of the Jungle Hotel area (it looks as if the hotel does not exist either), the "club House' and the
Palmer house seem to be the remaining structures only here are
Thus more work needs to be done on the previous ownership of the so called "farmhouse" at 301 North
Shore Lane, where it was originally located and or if it indeed was even moved to its present location
But pretty much the plat maps presented above tell the history of the North Shore campus of the Culver
Military Academy and the quotes from printed histories give a reasonable account of the Bogardus
property and that it was originally owned by Isaac N. Morris and possibly for a brief time by Lewis Cass
Dillon - thus never ever being owned by the Culver family unless they purchased it from the Bogardus' during
the late 1920's and early 1930's.
What is needed is the detailed plat's of the area over the years and the changes to the area; an abstract
if it even does exist any longer. A look at recorded deeds and plats of the general area. And follow the
purchases of the Culver Reality and Investment Company. This will mean many long hours in the Recorder's
office at Plymouth digging through all the old land records.
For now it would be safe in saying that:
- The the 301 North Shore Drive was a part of the original Isaac Morris property
- A portion of the property Isaac N Morris was sold to A. N. Bogardus
- Alfred Newell Bogardus came from Maxinkuckkee to Culver in 1899 and built a residence overlooking
- H. H. Culver did purchase the Arron T. Benedict Farm which makes up the north shore campus of Culver
Military Academy in as early as 1884 and has also been given as 1885
- H. H. Culver had a house/cottage built on the edge of the Culver Military Academy Campus
- This house/cottage was probably built during the Culver Park Assembly years or just after the Culver
Military Academy was established in
1894 - one can see a house in the background
along the shoreline in this postard
- The exact date yet is to be established
- It is not on the 1880 plat map, but it on the 1898 plat map
- It was indeed moved to the 301 North Shore drive location because of expansion of the Culver Military
- Exact date of its re-location is unknown.
|I have been told that the "farm House" has been torn down after attempts to try and restore it - that
it being in a very weaken and unstable condition to do so It is said that the front of the house
will be a replica of the "farm house |
This was found dated: September 18, 2014; - Saturday 10am-3pm: Furniture and a lot more sale at
301 North Shore Lane (right across from entrance to Eppley Auditorium at the corner of North Shore
and Academy Road).