Lake Maxinkuckee Its Intrigue History & Genealogy Culver, Marshall, Indiana

Alice Holliday O'Neal Dye  

Alice Holliday O'Neal Dye February 19, 1927 - February 01, 2019

Alice Holliday O’Neal Dye was born in Indianapolis February 19, 1927 to Lucy Holliday O’Neal and Perry Earnest ONeal. Alice graduated from Orchard School, Shortridge High School in 1944 and Rollins College with honors 1948.

She married Paul (Pete) Dye in 1950 and they have two sons, Perry (Ann) Dye (Colorado) and Paul Burke (Jean) Dye (Ohio) who are also both golf course architects. Alice, Pete, Perry and P.B. are members of the American Society of Golf Course Architects.

Alice was involved in the game of golf most of her life. She is best known as a leader, a golf champion and the first female golf architect. She won her first golf championships in 1942 at age 15—the Indiana State Junior and the Woodstock Club Championship. At age 17, she took the train to Winter Park, FL to begin her college career at Rollins, where she not only was captain of the women’s golf team but also played on the men’s team, where she met Pete. She has won 50 Amateur Championships, including 9 State Championships in Indiana- 3 State Championships in Florida, 11 Indianapolis City Championships, The Woman’s North and South, The Indiana State Junior, The Jones/Doherty, The Gold Medal Golf Olympics, The Women’s Eastern, National Ladies Club Championship, 2 USGA Senior and 2 Canadian Senior Tournaments, as well as 5 Women’s Western Senior Tournaments, National Ladies Club Championship and played on the 1970 Curtis Cup Team. Alice also won a gold medal in golf at the Senior Olympics.

After graduating from Rollins, Alice joined Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance and became a member of the prestigious Women’s Quarter Million Dollar Roundtable.

As a leader in golf, Alice has served on the USGA Women’s Committee, Women’s Western Board, USGA Women’s Handicap Committee, LPGA Advisory Council, First Tee Advisory Committee, and 20/20 Steering Committee. She was the first female President of The American Society of Golf Course Architects and the first woman to serve as an Independent Director for the PGA.

Over the years, Alice has received numerous awards and honors. Some of her golf awards include honors from The Indiana Hall of Fame, The Heritage of Indianapolis, The Red Coat of Fort Wayne, The Don Rossi Award for Lifetime Contributions to Golf, The Sagamore of the Wabash Outstanding Citizen Award, an Honorary Doctorate from Rollins College, Woman of Distinction Women’s Western, First Lady of Golf – PGA, Ike Granger Award USGA, Captain of 1992 Women’s World Cup, Lily of France Award, Outstanding Achievement Award, Spirit of Golf Award, Indiana Pathfinder Award, Honorary Membership Indiana PGA, the American Society of Golf Course Architects, and received the top award The Donald Ross Award. Alice was instrumental in helping develop the Indiana First Tee program which is dedicated to bring people of all racial, social and financial backgrounds into golf.

As an architect, Alice joined with her husband, Pete, in the design and construction of their first course, El Dorado (Royal Oak), now called Dye’s Walk, in Indianapolis. She continued as a co-designer for such famous courses as P.G.A. West in La Quinta, CA.; The Ocean Course in Kiawah, SC; Harbour Town Golf Links in Hilton Head, SC; Crooked Stick Golf Club in Carmel, IN; Teeth of The Dog in La Romana, Dominican Republic; and Long Cove Club on Hilton Head Island, SC. One of her most notable designs is the famous #17 Island Hole at Tournament Players Course in Florida.

Alice developed the Two Tee system for women’s tees and has been a genuine crusader. She paved the way for women to play on courses that are more manageable and women-friendly.

Alice and Mark Shaw wrote From Birdies to Bunkers chronicling her life. She quoted Gay Chuba Berry “Every time a woman is empowered to succeed, that success is likely to reproduce itself in the lives of other women.”

Along with her husband and sons Alice is also survived by two granddaughters Lucy Dye (Erik) Bowman and Lilly Dye (Ross) Harmon and two great grandchildren Margaret and Brooks Harmon.

Two Celebrations of Life for Alice will be held at the Gulf Stream Country Club in Gulf Stream, FL on February 20th from 2-5pm and at Crooked Stick Golf Club in Carmel, IN May 29th from 2-5pm. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to Wayside House, 378 NE 6th Avenue Delray Beach FL 33483 www.waysidehouse. net or the Indiana Golf Foundation 2625 Hurricane Road. Franklin, IN 46131 www.indianagolf. org/about-the-indiana-golf-foundation/.

Paul B. "Pete" Dye (born December 29, 1925) is a golf course designer and a member of a family of course designers.

He was married to fellow designer and former amateur champion Alice Holliday O’Neal Dye.

Born in Urbana, Ohio, his parents were Paul F. "Pink" and Elizabeth Dye. A few years before Dye's birth, his father got hooked on golf and built a nine-hole course on family land in Champaign County called the "Urbana Country Club." As a youngster, he worked and played that course, won the Ohio state high school golf championship, and medaled in the state amateur golf championship, all before entering the U.S. Army at age 18 in 1944 during World War II. With his brother Andy, he had attended the Asheville School, a boarding school in North Carolina at Asheville. Dye entered the Airborne School at Fort Benning in Georgia to be a paratrooper in the 82nd Airborne Division, but the war ended while he was in training. He was stationed at Fort Bragg in North Carolina where he served the rest of his hitch as greenskeeper on the base golf course. Dye explained,
    "I played the golf course at Pinehurst No. 2 for six solid months, and I got to know Mr. Donald Ross...(who) had built the Fort Bragg golf course. He would come over and watch us play golf, and most of the time the captain and colonel hauled me over there. They didn't know who Mr. Ross was, but the other fellow walking with him was JC Penney, and they all knew him.

After his discharge, Dye relocated to Florida and enrolled at Rollins College in Winter Park, northeast of Orlando, where he met his wife, Alice Holliday O'Neal. They were married in early 1950, and had two sons, Perry and P.B. (Paul Burke).

They moved to Indiana to her hometown of Indianapolis, and Dye sold insurance. Within a few years, he distinguished himself as a million dollar salesman, and was also successful in amateur golf. Dye won the Indiana amateur championship in 1958, following runner-up finishes in 1954 and 1955. At age 31, he qualified for the U.S. Open in 1957 at Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio, but shot 152 (+12) to miss the cut by two strokes, as did Arnold Palmer; seventeen-year-old amateur Jack Nicklaus was eight strokes behind them at 160.

Dye made the decision to become a golf course designer in his mid-30s. Alice supported his career change and became partner in the new venture. In 1961, the couple visited and talked to noted golf architect Bill Diddle, who lived nearby. He warned them about the economic uncertainty of the profession, but they persisted. The first design from Dye and his wife was the nine-hole El Dorado course south of Indianapolis, which crossed a creek thirteen times. Those nine holes are now incorporated into the Royal Oak course at Dye's Walk Country Club. Their first 18-hole course was created during 1962 in Indianapolis and named Heather Hills, now known as Maple Creek Golf & Country Club.

Dye designed the Radrick Farms Golf Course for the University of Michigan in 1962, but the course did not open until 1965.[8] At the time, he was using the design style of Trent Jones, but after seeing the work of Alister MacKenzie, who designed the 1931 Michigan course, Dye decided to incorporate features from two greens into his next project. Dye visited Scotland in 1963 and made a thorough study of its classic courses. The Scottish use of pot bunkers, bulkheads constructed of wood, and diminutive greens influenced his subsequent designs.

Dye's first well-known course was Crooked Stick Golf Club in Carmel, Indiana, north of Indianapolis, begun in 1964. It hosted the PGA Championship in 1991, won by ninth alternate John Daly. In 1967, he designed The Golf Club near Columbus, Ohio, where he solicited input from 27-year-old Jack Nicklaus, an area local who won his seventh major (of 18) that year. The two worked together to design the acclaimed Harbour Town Golf Links in South Carolina, opened in 1969, the site of an annual PGA Tour event ever since.[9] Nicklaus credits Dye with significant influence on his own approach to golf course design. Also in 1969, Dye designed his first course in Florida called Delray Dunes. In 1970, he designed Martingham Golf Course in St. Michaels, Maryland, now known as Harbourtowne Resort. The owners of the project went bankrupt and Dye went unpaid; the course was eventually finished, however, and had many of Dye's signature course characteristics such as deep bunkers, small greens, short challenging par fours, and railroad ties. In 2015, the property was purchased by Richard D. Cohen who has entered into an agreement with Dye to update and redesign the course. The new owner agreed to pay the funds that were not paid during the original design.

In 1986, Dye also designed a course in the Italian province of Brescia, near Lake Iseo, the Franciacorta Golf Club, recognized today as wine golf course. Dye is considered to be one of the most influential course architects in the world. His designs are known for distinctive features, including small greens and the use of railroad ties to hold bunkers. His design for the Brickyard Crossing golf course at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway utilized the dismantled outer retaining wall from the race track. He is known for designing the "world's most terrifying tee shot," the par-3 17th hole of the Stadium Course at TPC at Sawgrass in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida. Known as the "Island Green," it gained wide notice 37 years ago in 1982, during the first Players Championship at the new course. Dye's designs have been credited with returning short & medium length par fours to golf. Many of the best young golf architects have "pushed dirt" for Pete, including Bill Coore, Tom Doak, John Harbottle, Butch Laporte, Tim Liddy, Scott Poole, David Postlewaite, Lee Schmidt, Keith Sparkman, Jim Urbina, Bobby Weed, Rod Whitman, and Abe Wilson.

Dye received the Old Tom Morris Award in 2003 from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, their highest honor. In 2004, he was the recipient of the PGA Distinguished Service Award, the highest annual honor of the PGA of America, which recognizes individuals who display leadership and humanitarian qualities, including integrity, sportsmanship and enthusiasm for the game of golf. In 2005, Dye became the sixth recipient of the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in November 2008 in the Lifetime Achievement category. The American Society of Golf Course Architects bestowed the Donald Ross Award on Dye in 1995. ] Dye was named Architect of the Year by Golf World magazine, awarded a Doctor of Landscape Architecture degree from Purdue University, received Indiana's Sagamore of the Wabash award and was honored as Family of the Year by the National Golf Foundation.

Courses designed A partial list of courses that Dye either designed alone or co-designed:
    Arizona State University (Karsten Golf Course) – Tempe Arizona
    Red Mountain Ranch Country Club (Championship Course) – Mesa Arizona
    Carmel Valley Ranch Golf Resort – Carmel Valley Ranch California
    La Quinta Resort and Club (Dunes Course, Mountain Course) – La Quinta California
    PGA West (Stadium Course) – La Quinta California
    Lost Canyons Golf Club (Shadow Course, Sky Course) – Simi Valley California
    The Westin Mission Hills Resort & Spa (South Course) – Rancho Mirage California
    Trump National Golf Club in Los Angeles California
    The Country Club of Colorado – Colorado Springs Colorado
    Plum Creek Golf Club – Castle Rock Colorado
    Riverdale Dunes – Brighton Colorado
    Gypsum Creek Golf Course – Gypsum Colorado
    Copper Creek Golf Course – Copper Mountain Colorado
    Wintonbury Hills Golf Course – Bloomfield Connecticut
    River Ridge Golf Course – Harbour Ridge | Palm City – Treasure Coast – Florida Golf Communities Florida
    PGA Golf Club (The Dye Course) – Port St. Lucie Florida
    TPC at Sawgrass (Stadium Course) – Ponte Vedra Beach Florida
    Gasparilla Inn Golf Course – Boca Grande Florida
    Palm Beach Polo (The Cypress Course) – Wellington Florida
    Ruffled Feathers Golf Course – Lemont Illinois
    Tamarack Country Club – Shiloh Illinois
    Yorktown Golf Course – Belleville Illinois
    Birck Boilermaker Golf Complex at Purdue University (Ackerman-Allen Course, Kampen Course) – West Lafayette Indiana
    Brickyard Crossing – Speedway Indiana The Club at Chatham Hills (semi-private) – Westfield Indiana Dye's Walk Country Club (formerly Eldorado Country Club and Royal Oak) – Greenwood Indiana Eagle Creek Golf Club (Pines and Sycamore Courses) at Eagle Creek Park – Indianapolis Indiana Forest Park – Brazil Indiana The Fort Golf Course – Fort Harrison State Park – Indianapolis Indiana Greenbelt Golf Course – Columbus Indiana Maple Creek Country Club (formerly Heather Hills Country Club) – Indianapolis Indiana Mystic Hills Golf Course – Culver Indiana Oak Tree Golf Course (front nine) – Plainfield Indiana The Pete Dye Course – French Lick Indiana Plum Creek Golf Club – Carmel Indiana Sahm Golf Course – Indianapolis Indiana TPC of Louisiana – Avondale Louisiana Kearney Hill Golf Links – Lexington Kentucky Peninsula Golf Course – Lancaster Kentucky Bulle Rock Golf Course – Havre de Grace Maryland Harbourtowne Resort Country Club – St. Michaels Maryland Rum Pointe Seaside Golf Links – BerlinMaryland Paiute Golf Club Resort (Snow Mountain, Sun Mountain, and Wolf Courses) – Las Vegas Nevada Desert Pines Golf Club – Las Vegas Nevada Pound Ridge Golf Club – Pound RidgeNew York Founders Golf Course – St. James Plantation North Carolina Oak Hollow Golf Course – High Point North Carolina Avalon Lakes – Warren Ohio
    Fowler's Mill GC – Chesterland Ohio
    Little Turtle Golf Club – Westerville Ohio
    Iron Valley Golf Course – Lebanon Pennsylvania
    Mystic Rock, Nemacolin Woodlands Resort – Farmington Pennsylvania
    Harbour Town Golf Links – Hilton Head Island South Carolina
    Kiawah Island Golf Resort (The Ocean Course) – Kiawah Island South Carolina
    Heron Point (formerly Sea Marsh) – Hilton Head Island South Carolina
    Cherokee Valley – Travelers Rest South Carolina
    The Dye Club at Barefoot Resort – North Myrtle Beach South Carolina
    Prestwick Country Club – Myrtle BeachSouth Carolina Stonebridge Ranch Country Club (The Dye Course) – McKinney Texas AT&T Canyons Course of TPC at San Antonio Texas
    Pete Dye River Course of Virginia Tech – Radford Virginia
    River Course at Kingsmill Resort – Williamsburg Virginia
    Virginia Beach National – Virginia Beach Virginia
    Virginia Oaks – Gainesville Virginia
    Big Fish Golf Club – Hayward ]Wisconsin
    Whistling Straits (Irish Course, Straits Course) – Haven Wisconsin
    Blackwolf Run (River Course, Meadows Valley Course) – Kohler Wisconsin
    Casa de Campo (Teeth of the Dog, Dye Four, The Links) – Casa de CampoDominican Republic
    The Lakes Barcelo Golf Course - Dominican Republic
    Fuego Maya – La Reunion Guatemala
    Caesarea Golf & Country Club – Caesarea Israel
    Ancala Country Club – Scottsdale Arizona
    The Citrus Golf Club - La Quinta California
    Mission Hills Country Club Pete Dye Course - Rancho Mirage California
    Glenmoor Country Club – Cherry Hills Village Colorado
    Delray Dunes Golf and Country Club- Boynton Beach- Palm Beach County Florida
    The Dye Preserve Golf Club - Jupiter (thedyepreserve. com) Florida
    Talis Park Golf Club (with Greg Norman) – Naples Florida
    Harbour Ridge Yacht & Country Club (River Ridge Course) Palm City Florida
    Southern Hills Plantation Club – Brooksville Florida
    Harbor Course – ((Grand Harbor, Vero Beach, FL)) (grandharbor. com) Florida
    West Bay Club (Estero, FL) (Pete and P.B Dye) Florida
    Atlanta National Golf Club – Alpharetta Georgia
    The Ogeechee Golf Cub at the Ford Plantation, Richmond Hill Georgia
    Oakwood Country Club – Coal Valley Illinois
    The Bridgewater Club – Westfield Indiana
    The Club at Chatham Hills (semi-private) - Westfield Indiana
    Crooked Stick Golf Club – Carmel Indiana
    Harbour Trees Golf Club - Noblesville Indiana
    Maple Creek Golf & Country Club – Indianapolis Indiana
    Woodland Country Club – Carmel Indiana
    Des Moines Golf and Country Club – West Des Moines Iowa
    Belle Terre Country Club – LaPlace Louisiana
    Radrick Farms Golf Course at the University of Michigan – Ann Arbor Michigan
    Wabeek Country Club – Bloomfield Hills Michigan
    Boone Valley Golf Club – Augusta Missouri
    Old Hickory Golf Club – St. Peters Missouri
    Firethorn Golf Club – Lincoln Nebraska
    Cardinal Golf and Country Club – Greensboro North Carolina
    Country Club of Landfall – Wilmington North Carolina
    The Golf Club – New Albany Ohio
    Little Turtle Golf Club – Westerville Ohio
    Oak Tree National – Edmond Oklahoma
    Oak Tree Country Club – Edmond Oklahoma
    Montour Heights Country Club – Coraopolis Pennsylvania
    Long Cove Club – Hilton Head Island South Carolina Colleton River Plantation Club (Dye Course) – Bluffton South Carolina
    The Honors Golf Club – Ooltewah Tennessee
    Rarity Mountain Golf Club – Jellico Tennessee
    Austin Country Club – Texas
    The Stonebridge Ranch Country Club – McKinney Texas
    Promontory – Park City Utah
    Pete Dye Golf Club – Clarksburg West Virginia
    La Romana Country Club – La Romana Dominican Republic
    Pristine Bay Resort - Roatαn Honduras
    Caesarea Golf Club (2009 course redesign) Israel
    Franciacorta Golf Club – Franciacorta, Sebino, (Brescia) Italy
    Golf Club du Domaine Impιrial - Gland, Vaud Switzerland


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