Lake Maxinkuckee Its Intrigue History & Genealogy Culver, Marshall, Indiana

Lake Maxinkuckee  

Lake Maxinkuckee is the second largest lake in Indiana.

It is located in southwestern Marshall County and the town of Culver is nestled around its northern and western shores.

It is oblong in shape, approximately three miles long and two and a quarter miles wide (eight square kilometre); it covers an area said to be 1,864 acres and its shoreline is of about ten miles of lake front. Volume of the lake is 14,858 million gallons of water or 45,600 acre feet. Normal average water level elevation is 733.12 feet mean sea l evel.

Surface area:
    1,864 acres (754 ha)
    Average depth: 24 ft (7 m) Max depth: 88 ft (27 m)
    Length: 2.6 miles
    Width: 1.6 miles elevation above sea level: 731.627 feet (223 metres )

Type: Natural spring fed.

It is of almost every type of terrain from level beach, gradual slope, steep incline, abrupt bluff, rounded headland; elevation from waters edge to nearly fifty feet in places. Jim Weirick has added this 'Water Fact' that every one inch of rain strickly from the sky onto Lake Maxinkuckee equals 75 million gallons of water in the lake; asked how he learned this he replied " I simply done the math"
Lat, Lon (wgs84)  41.20590, -86.41890  
  N 41°12'21" W 86°25'8"  
Lat, Lon (nad27)  41.2058, -86.4189  
  N 41°12'21" W 86°25'8"  
UTM (wgs84)  16 548719E 4561777N  
Maxinkuckee is an Indian word which has been loosely translated to “diamond lake,”, “clear water,” or “gravelly bottom.” An exact translation is not known.

Antoerh source states that the meaning od"Maxinkuckee" comes from the Potawatomi word "Mog-sin-ke-ki", which means "big stone countrt".

Lake Maxinkuckee is a kettle lake located and was formed approximately 15,000 years ago by the receding glaciers. Kettle lakes are depressions in the earth’s crust left behind after partially buried ice blocks melt and the depression is filled with water.

There lies beneath the lake one of the best producing aquifer systems in Indiana known as the productive Silurian-Devonian bedrock aquifer. This system contains deposits of glacial material up to 500 feet in thickness with highly productive inter-till sand and gravel aquifers. Lake Maxinkuckee is fed by 21 underground springs stemming from this aquifer.

Between 1899 and 1985 seventeen investigations were conducted on Lake Maxinkuckee. The most extensive survey of the lake was that of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, which maintained a field station on the lake between 1899 and 1914. Known as the Evermann & Clark survey, this two-volume set was published in 1920 by the 1920 by the Indiana Department of Conservation. Except for one 1921 sampling by the Indiana State Board of Health; no other data was found before 1965.

No exact date has been found as to when the Indians came to the shores of Lake Maxinkuckee.

The earliest inhabitants of the lake were the mound builders, then the Pottawattomie or Miami tribes. One says that the Potawatomi or Miami built several mounds on the banks of the lake, the largest being Pare Mound.

The Pare Mound is located on the east side in front of the Culver Homestead. It was cut in half by the road. It is believed to be constructed as a pilot mound - a reference point for location by the natives rather than a burial mound.

The mound on the west side of the lake has little evidence that it ever existed on Long Point. After the Mound builders the area around the lake was controlled by the Miami and the Pottawattomie who belonged to the great Alonquin family; were allowed to occupy the area and finally was recognized as the 'owners'

There were 2 indian reservations on the east side of the lake and as early, as 1817, Congress had adopted a policy of creating various sizes of Indian Reservations for those Indians who did not choose to trade their land for new locations west of the Mississippi. In 1834 the government tried to,buy out the northern Indiana Potawatomi at 50 ¢ [50 cents] per acre. In 1836 Colonel Abel C. Pepper, Indian Agent, increased the offer to $1 per acre.But so great was the pressure from the covetous squatters and the speculators, that the government then began a ruthless policy of wholesale land, evictions.

A tibit published in the Culver citizen on August 24, 1932 states: — Do You Know that it is stated that if the lake level were lowered 10 feet there would be formed at least three islands? At the same time the lake would be divided into two or more separate lakes.

2--6 Aug 23 - Indiana DNR Announces LARE Grant Awards - Lake Maxinkuckee (Marshall County): The award is for restoring approximately 2,400 square feet of the near-shore area to a natural state by restoring vegetation. Plantings will include 256 shoreline plants, 795 shallow emergent plants, 265 deep emergent plants and 265 floating aquatic plants. Ideally, the project will not only demonstrate the feasibility of plant re-establishment but will encourage lakeshore residents to help restore aquatic plants.


At the age of 91, Peter Spangler gave an interview about his life on May 14, 1930, three years before his death. He always wore a full beard, was a carpenter and moved houses and barns.

He helped to construct many of the buildings for Culver Military Academy as a brick mason.

As he said, "Four stores formed the town, the lake was surrounded by swamp, including where the town of Culver and the Academy are now located."

He declared at that time the village of Maxinkuckee was more promising than other nearby communities as it had industrial prospects in the form of two saw mills.

Web Site Created: 25 May 2005

But the research began: This project was started back in August/September 1990 and then got put on hold for the next fifteen years. It does not seem like it was nineteen years ago I started this - back then it was just a word files and typewritten and just ideas formulating.

Purpose: The preserve the History, folklore of Lake Maxinkuckee, and Culver

Much research is needed to connect all the dots or the pieces of the lake cottages and properties that are listed in the various plat maps a good source or starting part would be the remaining abstracts of cottage and/or property abstracts if they still exist.

Also during the last year 2012 there has been alot of revamping, moving folders to single ones instead of nested into others- to make instant access to material thats been hidden - also to aide in research and in preparing the site for the future when it will be passed on to another... it is hoping by simplifing into into mainly single folders it will not be to overwhelming for the person who will inherit it and that they will continue the tration I have started in preservation of both the history and genealogy of Lake Maxinkuckee.

NOTHING is lost its only re-located - with lot of new indexes hopely to enable you to manuver around easier - also in place has been an expanded search engine which I have even found very useful.

Today is